Iowa law combines two sections of the criminal code to define domestic violence. The assault code, which defines criminal behavior and the domestic abuse act, which defines a domestic relationship.
Iowa Criminal Code 708 Assault – Definition
Assault, in lay language, is defined as one of the following:
- Physical contact that is insulting or can cause an injury.
- The threat of physical contact and the apparent ability to carry the threat out.
- Using a weapon in a threatening manner.
Iowa Criminal Code 236 the Domestic Abuse Act – Definition
A domestic relationship is defined as one of the following:
- Two individuals that are married, divorced or separated.
- Two individuals that have lived together at some point in the past year.
- Two individual that have a child in common, whether or not they have been married, divorced or living together at some point in the past year.
- Two individuals in an intimate relationship or have been within the past year.
If an individual is convicted of a domestic abuse assault they are likely to face the following consequences:
- Mandated jail time
- Attendance of a Batterer’s Education Program
Consequences vary based on the seriousness of the behaviors and criminal conviction. If you have questions about your situation, contact a DVIP advocate at 800-373-1043. An advocate can give you information or referrals about the following issues:
- Your Legal Rights
- Mandatory Arrest
- Enhanced Penalties
- No-Contact Orders
- Custody Issues related to Domestic Violence
- Victim Compensation
- Immigration issues related to Domestic Violence